Contributing to Low Emission Development through Regional Energy Planning in West Papua

Elias K. Bawan (1), Rahmat A. Al Hasibi (2)
(1) Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Papua, Gunung Salju Amban Manokwari, Indonesia
(2) Department of Electrical Engineering, University Muhammadiyah, Kasihan Bantul Yogyakarta, Indonesia
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Bawan, Elias K., and Rahmat A. Al Hasibi. “Contributing to Low Emission Development through Regional Energy Planning in West Papua”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 12, no. 6, Nov. 2022, pp. 2203-10, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.12.6.14505.
A model of regional energy planning has been developed based for West Papua province. Regional energy planning had two major scenario which are baseline and mitigation scenario. Mitigation scenario consisted of energy efficiency and fuel switch scenarios. A baseline scenario has been used to reflect energy demand without any intervention of new energy policy in the province. Energy efficiency scenario describe the impact of more efficiency vehicle and appliance in energy consumption. In transportation sector, energy efficiency scenario included a mode change scenario. The use of renewable energy has been included in fuel switch scenario. In supply side planning, renewable energy sources have been accommodated to meet a portion of electricity demand. The model of regional energy planning has been implemented by Long-range Energy Alternative Planning software. The result indicated that the same goal of regional development program can be achieved with less emission. By the implementation of mitigation scenario, overall energy demand in the end of projection period can be reduced by 16.63 PJ compare to the baseline. As an impact, global warming potential is 15.89% less by mitigation scenario compare to baseline scenario. It can be concluded that the emission intensity by the implementation of mitigation scenario is 8.93 Thousand Ton CO2 Equivalent/Billion USD.

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