Sustainable Improvement Alternatives to Animal Health Service Delivery Constraints in the Daffiama-Bussie-Issa District of the Upper West Region of Ghana

Cyril Babale Kelle (1), Frederick Adzitey (2), Norliza Julmohammad (3), Nurul Huda (4)
(1) Department of Animal Science, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box TL 1882, Tamale, Ghana
(2) Department of Animal Science, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box TL 1882, Tamale, Ghana
(3) Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
(4) Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sandakan, 90509, Sabah, Malaysia
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Kelle, Cyril Babale, et al. “Sustainable Improvement Alternatives to Animal Health Service Delivery Constraints in the Daffiama-Bussie-Issa District of the Upper West Region of Ghana”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 13, no. 1, Feb. 2023, pp. 297-05, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.13.1.17771.
Livestock production plays a key role in the livelihoods of rural people, serving as a source of employment, income, food, and security against the uncertainties of crop production. Yet delivering quality, affordable, and sustainable animal health services remains a major constraint in developing countries, including Ghana. This study explores the sustainable improvement alternatives to animal health service delivery constraints in Daffiama-Bussie-Issa District, Ghana. A total of 150 livestock farmers were randomly selected from fifteen communities and interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS/IBM) version 20.0 was used to compute all descriptive statistical variables. Chi square analysis was done to check for the effect of some variables on others at a significant level of 5%. The study showed that 42.7% of the respondents were between 46-60 years. However, age had no influence on veterinary service patronage (X=8.672, df=3, p=0.34). Sixty-four percent of the respondents had no educational background. Also, education did not influence veterinary service patronage (X=2.357, df=5, p=0.798). Majority (41.3%) of the respondents traveled over 16 km to access animal health service providers. All (100%) of the respondents who had access to veterinary drugs practiced self-medication. The study revealed government animal health service providers as a sustainable animal health delivery channel. Based on these findings, livestock farmers should be encouraged to consult veterinary service providers before administering drugs and vaccines to their livestock.

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