Factors Affecting BIM (Building Information Modeling) Utilization Based on Stakeholder Perceptions in Indonesia

Anjar Primasetra (1), Dewi Larasati (2), Surjamanto Wonorahardjo (3)
(1) Department of Architecture, School of Architecture Planning and Policy Development, Institut Teknologi Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
(2) Department of Architecture, School of Architecture Planning and Policy Development, Institut Teknologi Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
(3) Department of Architecture, School of Architecture Planning and Policy Development, Institut Teknologi Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
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Primasetra, Anjar, et al. “Factors Affecting BIM (Building Information Modeling) Utilization Based on Stakeholder Perceptions in Indonesia ”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 1, Feb. 2024, pp. 259-67, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.1.18895.
Implementing Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Indonesian construction can potentially optimize material resources, labor, and energy efficiency. However, several challenges hinder its effectiveness, including proficiency, standards, policies, infrastructure, and BIM access. This research aims to identify and address factors impeding BIM implementation, providing recommendations for stakeholders to impact the construction industry positively. Conducted through a quantitative approach, the study gathers data online via questionnaires distributed among BIM stakeholders, encompassing practitioners, academics, and government representatives. The data is meticulously analyzed using ANOVA, factor analysis, and factor rotation techniques. The research identifies five key factors contributing to BIM issues in Indonesia based on eigenvalues exceeding 1.0. These factors encompass limited BIM access, challenges in proficiency and mastery, incomplete data on components and materials, inaccessible BIM infrastructure, and restricted collaboration across domains. The users' expectations center around BIM dissemination and standardization, easy data accessibility, establishing a robust Indonesian BIM community, affordability and accessibility of BIM infrastructure, and user-friendly BIM platforms. The anticipated outcomes of this research offer practical implications for the construction industry. These include recommendations for enhanced BIM training, proposing government funding to facilitate companies in acquiring necessary BIM software and hardware, and promoting BIM knowledge through seminars. The overarching goal is to address the identified challenges, fostering efficient BIM utilization in the Indonesian construction industry.

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