The Prediction of Road Condition Value during Maintenance Based on Markov Process

Muhammad Isradi (1), Joewono Prasetijo (2), Andri Irfan Rifai (3), Heru Andraiko (4), Guohui Zhang (5)
(1) Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mercu Buana University, Meruya Selatan no.1, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Department of Transportation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Panchor, Johor, Malaysia
(3) Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning University of Internasional Batam, Indonesia
(4) Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mercu Buana University, Meruya Selatan no.1, Jakarta, Indonesia
(5) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Hawai’i at Manoa, 2540 Dole Street, Honolulu, HI 96822, United States
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How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Isradi, Muhammad, et al. “The Prediction of Road Condition Value During Maintenance Based on Markov Process”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2024, pp. 1083-90, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.3.19475.
The first step in the road handling effort is to survey to get an accurate road condition value to take correct action in implementing maintenance. As pavement performance is known to be probabilistic, various levels of uncertainty must be assumed. Modern pavement management methods are ineffective without an effective model to predict pavement performance. Discrete-time Markov chains are the most widely used probabilistic models, and examples from different countries worldwide can be found in pavement management systems. This research aims to predict the value of road conditions during maintenance and compare road assessments with real conditions during road maintenance using the IRI, SDI, and PCI methods using the Markov process. The analysis method used is to collect secondary data from related departments and carry out direct data collection in the field to obtain condition values based on IRI, SDI, and PCI to forecast by making a pavement condition prediction model based on the Markov process and then assessing road conditions by comparing the three index values with the slightest deviation value. The analysis showed that the average value of road conditions with the IRI indicator is 4.45, which is moderate, and the most negligible difference between the probability distribution of pavement condition prediction modeling and the actual survey results was the IRI (International Roughness Index) method. This model is closest to the actual conditions during implementation, with a difference value of 5.7%.

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