Development of a Content Framework of Artificial Intelligence Integrated Education Considering Ethical Factors

Jeonghun Lee (1), Misun Hong (2), Jungwon Cho (3)
(1) Major in Computer Education, Graduate school, Jeju National University, 102 Jejudaehakro, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, 63243, Republic of Korea
(2) Intelligent Software Education Research Institute, Jeju National University, 36 Cheomdanro 8-gil, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, 63243, Republic of Korea
(3) Intelligent Software Education Research Institute, Jeju National University, 36 Cheomdanro 8-gil, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, 63243, Republic of Korea
Fulltext View | Download
How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Lee, Jeonghun, et al. “Development of a Content Framework of Artificial Intelligence Integrated Education Considering Ethical Factors”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 1, Feb. 2024, pp. 205-13, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.1.19558.
The rapid advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has brought about significant positive changes across society. However, it has also introduced challenges like privacy breaches, data bias, and spreading fake news. In response, several countries, including South Korea, have provided ethical guidelines and policies for AI. Yet, these measures often fall short of keeping pace with the speed and diversity of AI development. To address these issues, this study developed a comprehensive approach by integrating ethical considerations into AI education, covering the entire AI technology development and application process. It involved analyzing previous research on AI and AI ethics education and creating a draft of an integrated AI education program focused on problem-solving based on computational thinking and ethical practicality. The draft was refined and supplemented through two rounds of expert Delphi surveys, ultimately leading to an “Integrated AI Education Program.” This proposed program emphasizes that the knowledge content of AI technology and ethical considerations should not be treated separately but addressed together. It aims to enhance moral and social capacities alongside the experience of thinking like a computer scientist when solving real-life problems. Through this, the program supports the ultimate goal of AI education: to foster computational thinking while providing an educational experience that considers both technology and ethics. This study is expected to advance the discussion on integrating AI ethics into AI education curricula and contribute to developing socially responsible AI developers and users.

D. Schiff, J. Borenstein, J. Biddle, and K. Laas, “AI Ethics in the Public, Private, and NGO Sectors: A Review of a Global Document Collection,” IEEE Trans. Technol. Soc., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 31-42, Mar. 2021, doi:10.1109/TTS.2021.3052127

L. Vesnic-Alujevic, S. Nascimento, and A. Pólvora, “Societal and ethical impacts of artificial intelligence: Critical notes on European policy frameworks,” Telecommun. Policy, vol. 44, no. 6, 2020, doi:10.1016/j.telpol.2020.101961

D. Schiff, J. Biddle, J. Borenstein, and K. Laas, “What's Next for AI Ethics, Policy, and Governance? A Global Overview,” in Proc. AAAI/ACM Conf. AI, Ethics, Soc. (AIES '20), New York, NY, USA: ACM, pp. 153–158, 2020, doi:10.1145/3375627.3375804

S. Chang, “A Study on the Contents Exploration SIG 2021 for K-12 AI Ethical Education,” Korea Educ. Res. Inf. Serv., RR 2022-08, 2022.

J. Borenstein and A. Howard, “Emerging challenges in AI and the need for AI ethics education,” AI Ethics, vol. 1, pp. 61–65, 2021, doi:10.1007/s43681-020-00002-7

W. Holmes, K. Porayska-Pomsta, K. Holstein, et al., “Ethics of AI in Education: Towards a Community-Wide Framework,” Int. J. Artif. Intell. Educ., vol. 32, pp. 504–526, 2022, Year, doi:10.1007/s40593-021-00239-1

N. Garrett, N. Beard, and C. Fiesler, “More Than 'If Time Allows': The Role of Ethics in AI Education,” in Proc. AAAI/ACM Conf. AI, Ethics, Soc. (AIES '20), New York, NY, USA: ACM, pp. 272–278, 2020, doi:10.1145/3375627.3375868

S. Akgun and C. Greenhow, “Artificial intelligence in education: Addressing ethical challenges in K-12 settings,” AI Ethics, vol. 2, pp. 431–440, 2022. doi:10.1007/s43681-021-00096-7

Z. Kilhoffer et al., "“How technical do you get? I’m an English teacher”: Teaching and Learning Cybersecurity and AI Ethics in High School," in Proc. 2023 IEEE Symp. Secur. Privacy (SP), San Francisco, CA, USA, pp. 2032-2032, 2023, doi:10.1109/SP46215.2023.10179333.

M. Park, K. Han, and S. Sin, “Analysis of research status on domestic AI education,” J. Korean Assoc. Inf. Educ., Oct. 31, 2021, doi:10.14352/jkaie.2021.25.5.683

Ministry of Education, Republic of Korea, "Artificial Intelligence, Safely Utilized in the Educational Field!" 11 Aug. 2022. [Online]. Available:, Accessed on: Jun. 5, 2023

Ministry of Science and ICT, "Development of Artificial Intelligence Ethics Policy for Human-Centered AI Implementation," 2021. [Online]. Available:, Accessed on: Jun. 27, 2023

D. Touretzky, F. Martin, D. Seehorn, C. Breazeal, and T. Posner, “Special Session: AI for K-12 Guidelines Initiative,” in Proc. 50th ACM Tech. Symp. on Comp. Sci. Educ. (SIGCSE '19), New York, NY, USA: ACM, pp. 492–493, 2019, doi:10.1145/3287324.3287525

Elements of AI, "A free online introduction to artificial intelligence for non-experts." Accessed on: January 11, 2023. [Online]. Available:, Accessed on: Dec. 12, 2023

M. Lim, “A systematic literature review of research on artificial intelligence ethics,” Journal of Ethics, vol. 135, no. 0, pp. 47-66, 2021.

J. Kim and Y. Kim, “A Study on Artificial Intelligence Ethics Education based on AI Technology Dilemma,” The Korean Society for Creative Information Culture, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 87-95, 2022, doi:10.32823/jcic.8.2.202205.87

Byun, Soon-yong, “A Study on the Necessity of AI Ethics Education,” The Korean Society For The Study Of Elementary Education, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 153-164, 2020, doi:10.20972/kjee.31.3.202009.153

T. Hagendorff, “The Ethics of AI Ethics: An Evaluation of Guidelines,” Minds & Machines, vol. 30, pp. 99–120, 2020, Year, doi:10.1007/s11023-020-09517-8

K. Siau & W. Wang, “Artificial Intelligence (AI) Ethics: Ethics of AI and Ethical AI,” Journal of Database Management (JDM), vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 74-87, 2020, doi:10.4018/JDM.2020040105

Y. Jongmo, "The ethics/policy/social issues of artificial intelligence," Issue Paper No. 08, KIST, Korea Policy Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Dec. 2019.

B. Young-Im and K. Yu-na, "A Exploratory Study on the Ethical Issues of Artificial Intelligence," Gyeonggi Research Institute, [Basic Research 2022-06], Researcher in Gyeonggi Province, 2022.

BBC Korean, "[Gender Discrimination: Amazon Abandons Artificial Intelligence Recruitment Program Over 'Women's Discrimination' Controversy]," BBC News, 12 Oct. 2018. [Online]. Available:, Accessed on: Jan. 10, 2024

C. Zhang and Y. Lu, "Study on artificial intelligence: The state of the art and future prospects," J. Ind. Inf. Integration, vol. 23, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.jii.2021.100224

J. Bae, J. Lee, M. Hong, and J. Cho, "The Development of AI Ethical Competence Scale for Secondary School Students," J. Korean Assoc. Comput. Educ., vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 103-118, 2022, doi:10.32431/kace.2022.25.6.008.

J. Bae, J. Lee, and J. Cho, "An Artificial Intelligence Ethics Education Model for Practical Power Strength," J. Ind. Convergence, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 83-92, 2022.

J. M. Wing, "Computational thinking," Commun. ACM, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 33-35, 2006.

M. Lodi and S. Martini, "Computational Thinking, Between Papert and Wing," Sci. & Educ., vol. 30, pp. 883–908, 2021, doi:10.1007/s11191-021-00202-5

A. E. Putra et al., "Designing and Developing Artificial Intelligence Applications Troubleshooting Computers as Learning Aids," Asian Soc. Sci. and Humanities Res. J. (ASHREJ), vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 38-44, 2020, doi:10.37698/ashrej.v2i1.22

J. Cho, M. Hong, and K. Lee, "The Research on Incorporation ethical elements AI education program for High school student," Korea Education & Research Information Service, RR 2023-04, 2023.

C. H. Lawshe, "A quantitative approach to content validity," Personnel Psychology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 563-575, 1975.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).