Implementation of Microcapsules of Noni Fruit Extract (Morinda citrifolia L) as a Feed Additive on Nutritional Digestibility and Performance of Sentul Chickens

Wiwin Tanwiriah (1), Leni Nurlaeni (2), Abun Abun (3), Tuti Widjastuti (4), Indrawati Yuda Asmara (5), Iwan Setiawan (6)
(1) Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
(4) Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
(5) Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
(6) Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia
Fulltext View | Download
How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Tanwiriah, Wiwin, et al. “Implementation of Microcapsules of Noni Fruit Extract (Morinda Citrifolia L) As a Feed Additive on Nutritional Digestibility and Performance of Sentul Chickens”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2024, pp. 1018-25, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.3.19766.
The continuous use of growth promoter (AGP) antibiotics in rearing chickens will cause residues in the meat. Finding a natural antibiotic derived from herbal plants that noni fruit is necessary. Microencapsulation of noni fruit extract (MNFE) was reported to positively affect poultry nutrition absorption. The research was conducted to determine the effect of MNFE with maltodextrin and its implementation as a feed additive to nutrient digestibility and the performance of Sentul chicken. The experiment used 100 Sentul chicks with a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), with five treatments and four replications. The treatment consisted of basal ration T0 (control), T1 (basal ration + 50 mg/kg Zinc-Bacitracin), T2 (basal ration + 125 mg/kg MNFE), T3 (basal ration + 125 mg/kg MNFE), and T4 (basal ration + 375 mg/kg MNFE). Variables observed were nutrient digestibility (crude protein digestibility, dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, metabolic energy, nitrogen retention) and performance (feed consumption, body weight gain, feed efficiency). The results showed that Crude Protein Digestibility (CPD), Dry Matter Digestibility (DMD), Organic Matter Digestibility (OMD), metabolic energy, nitrogen retention, and performance of Sentul chicken were significantly (p<0.05) different in the group when compared to controls. It was concluded that adding 250 mg/kg MNFE could improve Sentul chicken's best nutrient digestibility and growth performance. It is recommended to be used as a feed additive to replace AGP.

I. Placha I, F. Gai, M.P. Simonová, “Editorial: Natural feed additives in animal nutrition-Their potential as functional feed.” Frontiers in veterinary science, vol. 9 1062724. 9 Nov. 2022, doi:10.3389/fvets.2022.1062724 I. Placha I, F. Gai, M.P. Simonová, “Editorial: Natural feed additives in animal nutrition-Their potential as functional feed,” Frontiers in veterinary science, vol. 9 1062724, pp. 1-4, Nov. 2022, doi:10.3389/fvets.2022.1062724.

M. Alagawany, S.S. Elnesr, M.R. Farag, M.E. Abd El-Hack, R.A. Barkat, A.A. Gabr, M.A. Foda, A.E. Noreldin, A.F. Khafaga, K. El-Sabrout, H.A.M. Elwan, R. Tiwari, M.I. Yatoo, I. Michalak, A. Di Cerbo, K. Dhama,“Potential role of important nutraceuticals in poultry performance and health-a comprehensive review,” Res. Vet. Sci., vol. 137, pp. 9-29, July 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2021.04.009.

H.N. Murthy, K.S. Joseph, K.Y. Paek, and S.Y. Park,” Production of anthraquinones from cell and organ cultures of Morinda species,” Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, vol. 107, no.7-8, pp. 2061-2071, Apr. 2023, doi: 10.1007/s00253-023-12440-4.

H.C. Kumar, X.Y. Lim, F.H. Mohkiar, S.N. Suhaimi, N.M. Shafie, T.Y.C. Tan,“Efficacy and Safety of Morinda citrifolia L. (Noni) as a Potential Anticancer Agent,” Integr Cancer Ther, vol. 21, pp.1-20, Nov. 2022, doi:10.1177/15347354221132848.

X. Lin, S. Chen, R. Wang, C. Li, Lu.Wang, “Fabrication, characterization and biological properties of pectin and/or chitosan-based films incorporated with noni (Morinda citrifolia) fruit extract,” Food Hydrocolloids, Vol. 134, January 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.foodhyd.2022.108025.

H. Sina, G. Dramane, P. Tchekounou, M.F. Assogba, K. Chabi-Sika, B. Boya, A. Socohou, A. Adjanohoun, L. Baba-Moussa, “Phytochemical composition and in vitro biological activities of Morinda citrifolia fruit juice,” Saudi journal of biological sciences, vol. 28, no. 2, pp.1331–1335, Feb. 2021, doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.11.059.

S. Sriwidodo, R. Pratama, Abd. K. Umar, A. Y. Chaerunisa, A. T. Ambarwati, and N. Wathoni, “Preparation of Mangosteen Peel Extract Microcapsules by Fluidized Bed Spray-Drying for Tableting: Improving the Solubility and Antioxidant Stability,” Antioxidants, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1331, Jul. 2022, doi: 10.3390/antiox11071331.

V. I. Sousa, J. F. Parente, J. F. Marques, M. A. Forte, and C. J. Tavares, “Microencapsulation of Essential Oils: A Review,” Polymers, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1730, Apr. 2022, doi: 10.3390/polym14091730.

T. Widjastuti, L. Nurlaeni, A. Hasbuna, I. Setiawan, I. Yudaasmara, and W. Tanwiriah, “The Microencapsulation of Noni Fruit Extract (Morinda Citrifolia L.) with Maltodextrin and Its Implementation as Feed Additive on Carcass Quality and Histology of Intestinal Sentul Chicken,” International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 104, Feb. 2023, doi: 10.18517/ijaseit.13.1.18370.

K. Zhang, J. Meng, X. Li, X. Tang, S. Ma, Y. Lv, S. Yang,“Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) wine prevents the oxidative stress and obesity in mice induced by high-fat diet,” J Food Biochem, vol. 44, no.11 pp. e13460, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.1111/jfbc.13460.

B. Singh, R.A. Sharma, “Indian Morinda species: A review,” Phytotherapy research: PTR, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 924-1007, 2020, doi:10.1002/ptr.6579

D. Wang, X-H. Wang, X. Yu, F. Cao, X. Cai, P. Chen, L. Minglun, Y. Feng, L. Hongliang and X. Wang, “Pharmacokinetics of Anthraquinones from Medicinal Plants,” Front. Pharmacol, vol. 12, no. 638993, April 2021, doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.638993.

A. Abun, D. Rusmana, T. Widjastuti and K. Haetami,” PrebioticsBLS from encapsulated of extract of shrimp waste bioconversion on feed supplement quality and its implication of metabolizable energy and digestibility at Indonesian local chicken,” Journal of Applied Animal Research, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 295-303, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.1080/09712119.2021.1946402.

R. Sudmoon, S. Kaewdaungdee, U. Ameamsri, T. Tanee, P. Siripiyasing, W. Wonok, A. Chaveerach, “Investigation of Morinda citrifolia Activities through Pinoresinol and α-EG Related Gene Expression,” Plants, vol. 11, no. 15, pp. 1985, Jul. 2022, doi: 10.3390/plants11151985.

A. Thawabteh, S. Juma, M. Bader, D. Karaman, L. Scrano, S.A. Bufo, R. Karaman,“The Biological Activity of Natural Alkaloids against Herbivores, Cancerous Cells and Pathogens,” Toxins, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 656, Nov. 2019, doi: 10.3390/toxins11110656.

D. M. Sanni, T. H. Fatoki, A. O. Kolawole, and A. C. Akinmoladun, “Xeronine structure and function: computational comparative mastery of its mystery,” Silico Pharmacol., vol. 5, no. 1, 2017, doi: 10.1007/s40203-017-0028-y.

S-I. Choi, H-Y. Kwon, I-J. La, Y-H. Jo, X. Han, X. Men, S-J. Lee, Y-D. Kim, G-S Seong G-S, O-H. Lee,” Development and Validation of an Analytical Method for Deacetylasperulosidic Acid, Asperulosidic Acid, Scopolin, Asperuloside and Scopoletin in Fermented Morinda citrifolia L. (Noni),” Separations, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 80, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.3390/separations8060080.

A.R. Zhang, M. Wei, L. Yan, G.L. Zhou, Y. Li, H.M. Wang, Y.Y. Yang, W. Yin, J.Q. Guo, X.H. Cai, J.X. Li, H. Zhou, Y.X. Liang, “Effects of feeding solid-state fermented wheat bran on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens,” Poult Sci., vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 1-8, Jan. 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2021.101402.

A.O. Oso, R.U. Suganthi, G.B.M. Reddy, P.K. Malik, G. Thirumalaisamy, V.B. Awachat, S. Selvaraju, A. Arangasamy, R. Bhatta, “Effect of dietary supplementation with phytogenic blend on growth performance, apparent ileal digestibility of nutrients, intestinal morphology, and cecal microflora of broiler chickens,” Poult. Sci., Vol. 98, pp. 4755–4766, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.3382/ps/pez191.

B. Syed, J. Kesselring, J. Sánchez, and M. Gracia, “Growth Performance and Nutrient Digestibility in Broiler Chickens Fed with an Encapsulated Blend of a Phytogenic Feed Additive,” J. World’s Poult. Res., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 278–285, 2021, doi: 10.36380/jwpr.2021.33.

C. A. Zumbaugh, G. R. Murugesan, E. A. Wong, B. Syed, and M. E. Persia, “Evaluation of a phytogenic feed additive on performance, nutrient digestion, and absorption in turkey poults,” Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., vol. 267, no. 114575, May 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2020.114575.

M. Herath, S. Hosie, J. C. Bornstein, A. E. Franks, and E. L. Hill-Yardin, “The Role of the Gastrointestinal Mucus System in Intestinal Homeostasis: Implications for Neurological Disorders,” Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol., vol. 10, no. 248, pp. 1-14, May 2020, doi: 10.3389/fcimb.2020.00248.

V. Ravindran and M. R. Abdollahi, “Nutrition and Digestive Physiology of the Broiler Chick: State of the Art and Outlook,” Animals, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 2795, Sep. 2021, doi: 10.3390/ani11102795.

D.N. Adli, O. Sjofjan, M.H. Natsir, Y.F. Nuningtyas, N. Sholikah, and A.C. Marbun, “The effect of replacing maize with fermented palm kernel meal (FPKM) on broiler performance,” Livestock Research for Rural Development, vol. 32, no.7, July 2020,

I. Asiseh, Kismiyati and G. Mahasri “Effect of Mengkudu’s (Morinda citrifolia) distillation with differential fruit ripeness to control Argulus on Carassius auratus auratus,” in Proc. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science: 2nd International Conference on Fisheries and Marine Science, 2020, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/441/1/012153.

S. Barzegar, S.B. Wu, M. Choct, R.A. Swick, “Factors affecting energy metabolism and evaluating net energy of poultry feed,” Poultry science, vol. 99, no.1, pp. 487–498, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.3382/ps/pez554.

N. Such, L. Pál, P. Strifler, B. Horváth, I.A. Koltay, M.A. Rawash, V. Farkas, Á. Mezőlaki, L. Wágner, K. Dublecz, “Effect of Feeding Low Protein Diets on the Production Traits and the Nitrogen Composition of Excreta of Broiler Chickens,” Agriculture, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 781, Aug. 2021, doi: 10.3390/agriculture11080781.

T. Widjastuti, I. Setiawan, Abun, I.Y. Asmara, R.L. Balia, “Application of Mangosteen Peel Extract (Garcinia mangostana L) As Feed Additive in Ration for Performance production and Egg Quality of Sentul Chicken,” International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 789-794, 2020, doi: 10.18517/ijaseit.10.2.10666.

T. Widjastuti, L. Adriani, I. Y. Asmara, I. Setiawan, Abun, and L. Nurlaeni, “Effect of Mangosteen Peel Extract (Garcinia mangostana l.) with Supplemental Zinc and Copper on Performance and Egg Quality of Sentul Laying Chicken,” Jordan J. Biol. Sci., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1015–1020, 2021, doi: 10.54319/JJBS/140520.

V. H. C. Moita and S. W. Kim, “Nutritional and Functional Roles of Phytase and Xylanase Enhancing the Intestinal Health and Growth of Nursery Pigs and Broiler Chickens,” Animals, vol. 12, no. 23, pp. 3322, Nov. 2022, doi: 10.3390/ani12233322.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).