Biomass: A Versatile Resource for Biofuel, Industrial, and Environmental Solution

Van Giao Nguyen (1), Minh Ho Tran (2), Prabhu Paramasivam (3), Huu Cuong Le (4), Duy Tan Nguyen (5)
(1) Institute of Engineering, HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
(2) Faculty of Automotive Engineering, Dong A University, Danang, Viet Nam
(3) Department of Research and Innovation, Saveetha School of Engineering, SIMATS, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 602105, India
(4) Institute of Maritime, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
(5) Institute of Maritime, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
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How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Nguyen , Van Giao, et al. “Biomass: A Versatile Resource for Biofuel, Industrial, and Environmental Solution”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 1, Feb. 2024, pp. 268-86, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.1.17489.
Biomass, noted for its adaptability, has various applications in biofuel generation, industrial use, and environmental cleaning. This study looks into the multiple roles of biomass as a renewable energy source, with a particular emphasis on its vital contribution to biofuel production. Through a thorough evaluation of different conversion routes—thermal, biological, and physical—the study emphasizes thermochemical processes' efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and adaptability. Notably, technologies like gasification and quick pyrolysis are thoroughly investigated, followed by in-depth discussions of reactor optimization strategies to enhance performance and output. The complex structure of biomass, which is dominated by high-molecular-weight polysaccharides such as cellulose and hemicelluloses, demonstrates its significant potential for energy generation. Furthermore, the study categorizes biomass by content, origin, and conversion processes, resulting in a comprehensive inventory of available resources. Biomass from the agriculture and forestry industries, such as starch, sugar, lignocellulose, and organic wastes, is rigorously analyzed for energy production. Furthermore, various biomass processing techniques, including thermochemical, biochemical, and physicochemical conversions, are carefully tested in real-world applications to ensure their efficacy and viability. Beyond its importance in biofuel production, the article underlines biomass' versatility in satisfying industrial needs and contributing to environmental cleanup initiatives. This study lays the groundwork for informed decision-making and innovative solutions in various industries by providing a thorough understanding of biomass's various benefits and applications, including energy provision, industrial processes, and ecological restoration.

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