Variations in Composition and Size of Red Sand in Pinang City, North Sumatra to Improve Concrete Quality

Irfandi (1), Mukti Hamjah Harahap (2), Winsyahputra Ritonga (3), Alkhafi Maas Siregar (4), Riza Auliya (5)
(1) Physics Department, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, 20221, Indonesia
(2) Physics Department, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, 20221, Indonesia
(3) Physics Department, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, 20221, Indonesia
(4) Physics Department, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, 20221, Indonesia
(5) Physics Department, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, 20221, Indonesia
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How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Irfandi, et al. “Variations in Composition and Size of Red Sand in Pinang City, North Sumatra to Improve Concrete Quality”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 2, Apr. 2024, pp. 514-9, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.2.18748.
This study further explores the problems in the concrete material studied in terms of variations in the structure of the constituent materials and the grain size of red sand on the compressive strength test of quality concrete material with code K-350. The primary raw material uses red sand with compositions ranging from 0%, 2%, 4%, and 6% with sizes ranging from 120, 100, and 80 mesh. After all the ingredients are mixed, printing is carried out according to the predetermined sample size; after the sample is deposited for one day and one night, the sample is opened from the mold mall. To see the quality of the sample, testing was carried out by testing the concrete structure through the SEM test, and the sample elements were looked at by testing XRD, compressive strength, and water absorption. The results obtained were a successive decrease in water absorption in red sand samples with a composition of 4%. In addition, the maximum compressive strength value was obtained at the proportion of 120 mesh material, and 6 percent of the material composition obtained a compressive strength value of 35.27 MPa. When viewed from the size of the concrete structure using the scanning Electron Microscope test, it was found that the size of the red sand mixture concrete structure has a much smaller pore structure when compared to other mixtures. and in the X-Ray Diffraction test, it was found to contain elements in the form of SiO2, CaO3, Ca (OH)2 with the highest intensity of silicon.

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