The Effect of Microwave-Assisted Extraction Temperature and Material to Solvent Ratio on the Characteristics of Pandan (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) Leaf Extract

Qomarudin (1), Siti Zahra Salsabilla (2), Erni Sofia Murtini (3), Yunianta (4), Yuli Witono (5)
(1) Food Science and Biotechnology Department, Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, 65145, Indonesia
(2) Food Science and Biotechnology Department, Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, 65145, Indonesia
(3) Food Science and Biotechnology Department, Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, 65145, Indonesia
(4) Food Science and Biotechnology Department, Agricultural Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, 65145, Indonesia
(5) Agricultural Product Technology, Agricultural Technology, Universitas Jember, Jember 68121, Indonesia
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Qomarudin, et al. “The Effect of Microwave-Assisted Extraction Temperature and Material to Solvent Ratio on the Characteristics of Pandan (Pandanus Amaryllifolius Roxb.) Leaf Extract”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 2, Apr. 2024, pp. 730-7, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.2.19172.
Fresh pandan leaf fragrance has been applied to enhance the aroma of many traditional foods. However, the fresh leaf has a limited shelf life—only 1 day after harvest. Therefore, in liquid or powdered form, pandan extract can be utilized as an alternative aromatic component in food production. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of extraction temperatures (50, 60, and 70°C) utilizing microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and the ratio of pandan leaf as material to ethanol as solvent (1:3, 1:7, and 1:11) on the characteristics of pandan extract in liquid form. The study found that the properties of pandan extract treated at MAE 60°C with a material-solvent ratio of 1:7 were the best among all treatments. The pH of this liquid pandan extract was 5.31, the antioxidant activity was 32.86 ppm, and the chlorophyll content was 7.76 mg/L. The powdered pandan extract generated by drying the liquid pandan extract using a spray dryer and adding maltodextrin had properties such as water activity 0.45, solubility 96.09%, solubility rate 0.01 g/s, color L 85.65, a* -6.68, b* 8.51, yield 3.88%, and was detected to contain 0.17% of the aromatic compound 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline. Powdered pandan extract has the potential to be developed as an aromatic food additive. Panelists liked the Lumpang cakes, a traditional cake consisting of rice flour and coconut milk made by adding 1% pandan leaf extract powder.

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