Modeling Night and Daylighting Toll Road Tunnel Using Dialux to Compare the Performance of HPS and LED Lamp

Endah Setyaningsih (1), Jeanny Pragantha (2), Henry Candra (3)
(1) Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jl. S. Parman, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Informatics Engineering, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jl. S. Parman, Jakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Trisakti, Jl. Kyai Tapa, Jakarta, Indonesia
Fulltext View | Download
How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Setyaningsih, Endah, et al. “Modeling Night and Daylighting Toll Road Tunnel Using Dialux to Compare the Performance of HPS and LED Lamp ”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2024, pp. 1107-14, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.3.19950.
In toll road tunnels, the lighting at the threshold zone must balance the brightness of the access zone with natural light. Therefore, artificial lighting is strategically placed in that area to match the brightness to the intensity of natural light. This balance shifts during nighttime to ensure uniform brightness throughout the tunnel, equivalent to street lighting. Additionally, a significant amount of power is required to realize this artificial lighting. Two lamp technologies are used for tunnel lighting: HPS lamps with low energy efficiency and LED lamps with better energy efficiency. The challenge is determining artificial lighting in the threshold zone using energy-efficient lamps. To address this issue, simulations were conducted to compare the two lamp types applied in tunnels to achieve the most significant power savings. This research creates a model of toll road tunnel lighting using DIALux software better to understand the characteristics of toll road tunnel lighting using HPS and LED lamps. The SNI and ANSI/IES are the standards used. The Cisumdawu tunnel is used as the case study. The simulation results show that the luminance in the interior zone using LED or HPS lamps meets the SNI standard. Using LED lamps results in higher luminance with less power than using HPS. This discovery can improve energy efficiency in tunnel environments and contribute to lighting solutions for transportation infrastructure.

E. Setyaningsih and J. Pragantha, “Lighting Simulation of Flat and Slightly Arched Type Tunnel Based on Pasar Rebo Tunnel Data,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 508, no. 1, p. 12077, Apr. 2019, doi:10.1088/1757-899X/508/1/012077.

R. Xu et al., “Intelligent dimming control and energy consumption monitoring system of tunnel lighting,” Light. Res. Technol., vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 72–86, Mar. 2023, doi: 10.1177/14771535231158078.

W. Wang and J. Ma, “Exploration of Smart Tunnel Solutions,” in 2023 35th Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC), 2023, pp. 697–702. doi: 10.1109/CCDC58219.2023.10327189.

S. Yu, C. Zhao, L. Song, Y. Li, and Y. Du, “Understanding traffic bottlenecks of long freeway tunnels based on a novel location-dependent lighting-related car-following model,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 136, p. 105098, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2023.105098.

Y. Song, H. Zhu, Y. Shen, and S. Feng, “Green tunnel lighting environment: A systematic review on energy saving, visual comfort and low carbon,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 144, p. 105535, 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2023.105535.

F. Xu, Z. Du, J. Mei, and L. Han, “Transmittance optimization of tunnel shading shed for maximum energy savings and traffic safety: When replacing tunnel lighting in threshold zone,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 143, p. 105493, 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2023.105493.

P. Chiradeja and S. Yoomak, “Development of public lighting system with smart lighting control systems and internet of thing (IoT) technologies for smart city,” Energy Reports, vol. 10, pp. 3355–3372, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2023.10.027.

Ming, Liu, Zhiqiang, Liu, and Rongrong, Qiang, “Discussion on Landscape and Greening Technology of Highway Structural Tunnel Entrance,” E3S Web Conf., vol. 261, p. 3035, 2021, doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202126103035.

Y. Que, H. Tang, Z. Zhang, and H. Zhao, “A brief analysis method in plant landscape design of motorway,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 702, no. 1, p. 12048, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/702/1/012048.

P. Chiradeja and S. Yoomak, “Optimal tunnel lighting design in aspect of lighting quality and energy performance,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 131, p. 104837, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2022.104837.

J. Chen, L. You, M. Yang, and X. Wang, “Traffic safety assessment and prediction under different lighting service states in road tunnels,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 134, p. 105001, 2023, doi:10.1016/j.tust.2023.105001.

J. Niu, B. Liang, S. He, C. Qin, and J. Xiao, “Assessment and optimization of tunnel lighting quality based on drivers’ visual comfort: From methodology to application,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 143, p. 105487, 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2023.105487.

X. Wang, R. Wen, K. Cheng, and M. Yang, “Evaluation and analysis of tunnel lighting service status based on driving safety,” Traffic Inj. Prev., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 436–444, 2023, doi:10.1080/15389588.2023.2204986.

X. Wang, L. You, J. Chen, and S. Han, “The impact of different service states of tunnel lighting on traffic safety,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 192, p. 107237, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2023.107237.

J. Niu, B. Liang, S. He, J. Xiao, and C. Qin, “Long tunnel lighting environment improvement method based on multiple-parameter intelligent control: Considering dynamic changes in luminance difference,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 128, p. 104637, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2022.104637.

A. Peña-García, “Sustainable tunnel lighting: One decade of proposals, advances and open points,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 119, p. 104227, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2021.104227.

A. Mehri, M. Aliabadi, R. Golmohammadi, and S. A. Zakerian, “An empirical investigation of disability glare and visibility level during driving inside very long road tunnels: A case study,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 125, p. 104496, 2022, doi:10.1016/j.tust.2022.104496.

B. Su, J. Hu, J. Zeng, and R. Wang, “Traffic Safety Improvement via Optimizing Light Environment in Highway Tunnels.,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 19, no. 14, Jul. 2022, doi:10.3390/ijerph19148517.

A. L. W. Wijaya, P. P. Rahardjo, “Investigation of Twin Tunnel Deformation with Umbrella Grouting Protection & NATM Tunneling using 3D Finite Element: Case Study,” U Karst, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 252–267, 2021, doi: 10.30737/ukarst.v5i2.1977.

S. Ma, J. Hu, E. Ma, W. Li, and R. Wang, “Cluster Analysis of Freeway Tunnel Length Based on Naturalistic Driving Safety and Comfort,” Sustainability, vol. 15, p. 11914, 2023, doi:10.3390/su151511914.

S. Wang, Z. Du, G. Chen, H. Zheng, Z. Tang, and F. Jiao, “Drivers’ visual characteristics in small-radius optically long tunnels on rural roads,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 113, p. 103969, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.tust.2021.103969.

Y. Zhou, S. He, X. Li, Y. Li, and G. Du, “Study on Drivers’ Visual Load Features in Lighting Environments of Interior Zones of Extra-Long Tunnels over 10 km,” Adv. Civ. Eng., vol. 2022, p. 4840334, 2022, doi: 10.1155/2022/4840334.

S. Feng, W. Gao, L. Zhou, J. Li, W. Mao, and X. Liu, “Experimental study on obstacle visibility and driving safety in lighting environment of road tunnel interior zone,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 146, p. 105641, 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2024.105641.

S. G. Li, G. Tu, and Q. Zhou, “An optimal design model for tunnel lighting systems,” Optik (Stuttg)., vol. 226, p. 165660, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.ijleo.2020.165660.

S. Chen, Y. Lin, and H. Zhao, “Effects of flicker with various brightness contrasts on visual fatigue in road lighting using fixed low-mounting-height luminaires,” Tunn. Undergr. Sp. Technol., vol. 136, p. 105091, 2023, doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2023.105091.

M. Cengiz, “Simulation and Design Study for Interior Zone Luminance in Tunnel Lighting,” Light Eng., vol. 27, pp. 42–51, 2019, doi: 10.33383/2018-043.

H.-Y. Liao et al., “Design and Prototyping of Efficient LED Counter Beam Light with Free-Formed Surface for Meeting International Tunnel Lighting Standards,” Energies, vol. 14, no. 2, 2021, doi:10.3390/en14020488.

L. Qin, A. Peña-García, A. S. Leon, and J.-C. Yu, “Comparative Study of Energy Savings for Various Control Strategies in the Tunnel Lighting System,” Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 14, 2021, doi:10.3390/app11146372.

M.-J. Chen et al., “Design of Counter Beam Tunnel Lights for CIE 88 : 2004 Regulation in Threshold Zone,” Int. J. Opt., vol. 2020, p. 6145638, 2020, doi: 10.1155/2020/6145638.

Y. Su, H. Chen, Y. Gao, and R. Wei, “Calculation model for tunnel lighting based on DIALux,” in International Conference on Smart Transportation and City Engineering (STCE 2023), M. Mikusova, Ed., SPIE, 2024, p. 130185N. doi: 10.1117/12.3024160.

C.-C. Hsieh, C.-L. Tsai, and T.-C. Li, “The research for designing the LED tunnel light for highway tunnels.,” Heliyon, vol. 10, no. 4, p. e26305, Feb. 2024, doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e26305.

D. Katzin, L. F. M. Marcelis, and S. van Mourik, “Energy savings in greenhouses by transition from high-pressure sodium to LED lighting,” Appl. Energy, vol. 281, p. 116019, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.116019.

A. Hangga et al., “Modelling of lighting system utilizing natural and artificial lighting using DIALux,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 969, no. 1, p. 12024, Jan. 2022, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/969/1/012024.

M. L. Nurrohman, P. Feros, Wahyuning, R. F. Madina, and N. Pratiwi, “Efficient Lighting Design for Multiuse Architecture Studio Classroom using Dialux Evo 9,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 738, no. 1, p. 12034, Apr. 2021, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/738/1/012034.

E. Setyaningsih, Y. Calvinus, and B. A. Pramudia, “CSL19 design excellence analysis for street lights with previous products,” AIP Conf. Proc., vol. 2680, no. 1, p. 20077, 2023, doi: 10.1063/5.0128005.

J. Fat, E. Setyaningsih, Y. Calvinus, V. Reinard, and A. Hendisutio, “Temperature, humidity, voltage and current data logger for LED street light luminaire,” in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2023, p. 20053. doi: 10.1063/5.0127315.

A. Nauta, J. Han, S. H. Tasnim, and W. D. Lubitz, “Performance Evaluation of a Commercial Greenhouse in Canada Using Dehumidification Technologies and LED Lighting: A Modeling Study,” Energies, vol. 16, no. 3, 2023, doi: 10.3390/en16031015.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).