International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 4 (2014) No. 3, pages: 162-168, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.4.3.392

Analysis of Productivity Improvement in the Palm Oil Plantation Revitalization of North Sumatera using Analytic Network Process

Juliza Hidayati, Sukardi Sukardi, Ani Suryani, Sugiharto Sugiharto, Anas M. Fauzi

Abstract

The idea of making North Sumatera as a barometer of national palm oil industry requires commodity efforts and agro-industry development of palm oil. One effort that can be done is by successful execution plantation revitalization. The plantation Revitalization is an effort to accelerate the development of smallholder plantations, through expansion and replanting by help of palm estate company as business partner and bank financing plantation revitalization fund. Business partner agreement is obliged and bound to make at least the same smallholder estate productivity with business partners, so that the refund rate to banks become larger and prosperous people as a plantation owner. Generally, low productivity of smallholder plantations under normal potential caused a lot of old and damaged plants with plant material at random. The purpose of revitalizing palm oil plantations is to increase their competitiveness through increased farm productivity. The research aims at identifying potential criteria in influencing estate productivity improvement priorities to be observed and followed up in order to improve the competitiveness of destinations and make North Sumatera barometer of national palm oil can be achieved. Research conducted with Analytical Network Process (ANP), to find the effect of dependency relationships between factors or criteria with the knowledge of the experts in order to produce an objective opinion and relevant depict the actual situation. The results showed that the priority factors that have the biggest impact as a determinant of farm productivity enhancement, namely plant health (0.184595), the insertion of seeds (0.130569), the type of fertilizer (0.116755), the number and dose of fertilizer (0.102303), the suitability of the tool and the work material (0.072098), the type of soil (0.056612), the frequency of fertilizer (0.057095), working procedures (0.048561), weed control (0.041679), pest control (0.037839), fertilization technology (0.036218), and the fertilization of seeds (0.028203). Plant population per acre and crop homogeneity becomes a major factor that needs to be observed and followed up that effort to improve productivity to enhance competitiveness of North Sumatera and became a national barometer can be achieved

Keywords:

Revitalization, palm barometer, acceleration of plantation development, productivity, palm estate companies

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