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The Effect of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment in Agarwood Oil Extraction

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@article{IJASEIT3892,
   author = {Astri Fadhilah Abdul Rahim and Atikah Kadri and Nor Masliyah Harun},
   title = {The Effect of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment in Agarwood Oil Extraction},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {9},
   number = {4},
   year = {2019},
   pages = {1317--1323},
   keywords = {agarwood; essential oil; enzymatic pre-treatment; GC-MS; hydrodistillation extraction.},
   abstract = {Agarwood oil was extracted from a pre-treated agarwood chip soaked in a specific enzyme concentration of 1 %, 3 % and 5 % respectively. The effect of soaking time was also investigated by applying soaking period in the range of 3 to 14 days. Hydrodistillation was carried out using the Clevenger-type apparatus to obtain the essential oil of agarwood chips. Subsequently the quality of the oil and the identification of its oil compounds were analyzed using GC-MS. The morphology of agarwood chips prior to hydrodistillation was characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM results of enzymatic pre-treated sample showed an obvious change in the cell morphology as compared to the sample with standard soaking of 6 days. The highest yield of oil with the amount of 0.125 % is produced from the sample pre-treated with 3 % enzyme concentration as compared to 0.065 % of oil yield from the non-pre-treated sample employing similar soaking days. The GC-MS analysis revealed a total of 335 compounds from all samples of agarwood oil and similar compounds were found in the standard soaking and enzymatic pre-treated samples. Caryophyllene, Gurjunene, and Alloaromadendrene that contributes to the unique odour of agarwood oil are found mostly in all samples. Thus, the enzymatic pre-treatment indicates a comparable yield and oil quality and it is achievable even with a reduced soaking time of 6 days as compared to standard 14 days.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3892},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.9.4.3892}
}

EndNote

%A Abdul Rahim, Astri Fadhilah
%A Kadri, Atikah
%A Harun, Nor Masliyah
%D 2019
%T The Effect of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment in Agarwood Oil Extraction
%B 2019
%9 agarwood; essential oil; enzymatic pre-treatment; GC-MS; hydrodistillation extraction.
%! The Effect of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment in Agarwood Oil Extraction
%K agarwood; essential oil; enzymatic pre-treatment; GC-MS; hydrodistillation extraction.
%X Agarwood oil was extracted from a pre-treated agarwood chip soaked in a specific enzyme concentration of 1 %, 3 % and 5 % respectively. The effect of soaking time was also investigated by applying soaking period in the range of 3 to 14 days. Hydrodistillation was carried out using the Clevenger-type apparatus to obtain the essential oil of agarwood chips. Subsequently the quality of the oil and the identification of its oil compounds were analyzed using GC-MS. The morphology of agarwood chips prior to hydrodistillation was characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM results of enzymatic pre-treated sample showed an obvious change in the cell morphology as compared to the sample with standard soaking of 6 days. The highest yield of oil with the amount of 0.125 % is produced from the sample pre-treated with 3 % enzyme concentration as compared to 0.065 % of oil yield from the non-pre-treated sample employing similar soaking days. The GC-MS analysis revealed a total of 335 compounds from all samples of agarwood oil and similar compounds were found in the standard soaking and enzymatic pre-treated samples. Caryophyllene, Gurjunene, and Alloaromadendrene that contributes to the unique odour of agarwood oil are found mostly in all samples. Thus, the enzymatic pre-treatment indicates a comparable yield and oil quality and it is achievable even with a reduced soaking time of 6 days as compared to standard 14 days.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3892
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.9.4.3892
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 9
%N 4
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Astri Fadhilah Abdul Rahim,Atikah Kadri and Nor Masliyah Harun,"The Effect of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment in Agarwood Oil Extraction," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1317-1323, 2019. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.9.4.3892.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Abdul Rahim, Astri Fadhilah
AU  - Kadri, Atikah
AU  - Harun, Nor Masliyah
PY  - 2019
TI  - The Effect of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment in Agarwood Oil Extraction
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 9 (2019) No. 4
Y2  - 2019
SP  - 1317
EP  - 1323
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - agarwood; essential oil; enzymatic pre-treatment; GC-MS; hydrodistillation extraction.
N2  - Agarwood oil was extracted from a pre-treated agarwood chip soaked in a specific enzyme concentration of 1 %, 3 % and 5 % respectively. The effect of soaking time was also investigated by applying soaking period in the range of 3 to 14 days. Hydrodistillation was carried out using the Clevenger-type apparatus to obtain the essential oil of agarwood chips. Subsequently the quality of the oil and the identification of its oil compounds were analyzed using GC-MS. The morphology of agarwood chips prior to hydrodistillation was characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM results of enzymatic pre-treated sample showed an obvious change in the cell morphology as compared to the sample with standard soaking of 6 days. The highest yield of oil with the amount of 0.125 % is produced from the sample pre-treated with 3 % enzyme concentration as compared to 0.065 % of oil yield from the non-pre-treated sample employing similar soaking days. The GC-MS analysis revealed a total of 335 compounds from all samples of agarwood oil and similar compounds were found in the standard soaking and enzymatic pre-treated samples. Caryophyllene, Gurjunene, and Alloaromadendrene that contributes to the unique odour of agarwood oil are found mostly in all samples. Thus, the enzymatic pre-treatment indicates a comparable yield and oil quality and it is achievable even with a reduced soaking time of 6 days as compared to standard 14 days.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3892
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.9.4.3892

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 3892
A1 Abdul Rahim, Astri Fadhilah
A1 Kadri, Atikah
A1 Harun, Nor Masliyah
T1 The Effect of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment in Agarwood Oil Extraction
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 9
IS 4
YR 2019
SP 1317
OP 1323
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 agarwood; essential oil; enzymatic pre-treatment; GC-MS; hydrodistillation extraction.
AB Agarwood oil was extracted from a pre-treated agarwood chip soaked in a specific enzyme concentration of 1 %, 3 % and 5 % respectively. The effect of soaking time was also investigated by applying soaking period in the range of 3 to 14 days. Hydrodistillation was carried out using the Clevenger-type apparatus to obtain the essential oil of agarwood chips. Subsequently the quality of the oil and the identification of its oil compounds were analyzed using GC-MS. The morphology of agarwood chips prior to hydrodistillation was characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM results of enzymatic pre-treated sample showed an obvious change in the cell morphology as compared to the sample with standard soaking of 6 days. The highest yield of oil with the amount of 0.125 % is produced from the sample pre-treated with 3 % enzyme concentration as compared to 0.065 % of oil yield from the non-pre-treated sample employing similar soaking days. The GC-MS analysis revealed a total of 335 compounds from all samples of agarwood oil and similar compounds were found in the standard soaking and enzymatic pre-treated samples. Caryophyllene, Gurjunene, and Alloaromadendrene that contributes to the unique odour of agarwood oil are found mostly in all samples. Thus, the enzymatic pre-treatment indicates a comparable yield and oil quality and it is achievable even with a reduced soaking time of 6 days as compared to standard 14 days.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3892
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.9.4.3892