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Government Intervention and Farmers’ Adaptation to Saline Intrusion: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta

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@article{IJASEIT7090,
   author = {Van Huynh Thanh Pham and Rudi Febriamansyah and Afrizal Afrizal and Thong Anh Tran},
   title = {Government Intervention and Farmers’ Adaptation to Saline Intrusion: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {8},
   number = {5},
   year = {2018},
   pages = {2142--2148},
   keywords = {Climate change; Vietnamese Mekong Delta; Saline intrusion; Governmental intervention; Collective adaptation; Adaptive capacity},
   abstract = {

The Vietnamese Mekong Delta is located in the southern part of the country where the Mekong River runs through before it empties into the East Sea. Saline intrusion is a recurrent problem causing serious risks for agriculture and coastal livelihoods of the majority of people in the Delta. Collective adaptation plays an important role in improving the capacity of rural community to deal with environmental complexities. This research aims to examine how the collective adaptation supports the farmer and institutional adaptation to the conditions of saltwater intrusion in Tra Vinh and Kien Giang provinces. Statistical analysis was used to examine the trend of saltwater intrusion and the change in livelihoods of farmers in the Delta. The result shows the remarkable increase in salinity over the past twenty years. Various forms of adaptation were demonstrated by farmers’ and governments’ efforts in implementing adaptation practices to address salinity. Farmers have changed from rice to shrimp culture either through an intensive or extensive system where it is favorable to local environmental conditions. Meanwhile, local governments have attempted to establish various mechanisms to support collective actions (e.g., cooperative policies). The study highlights the critical role of formal and informal institutions that assist local adaptation processes. Adaptation practices were most pronounced in areas profoundly exposed to salinity impacts. The study suggests that further attention should be given to the establishment of institutional structures and rural social networks and how they are instrumental to collective adaptation.

},    issn = {2088-5334},    publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},    url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=7090},    doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.8.5.7090} }

EndNote

%A Pham, Van Huynh Thanh
%A Febriamansyah, Rudi
%A Afrizal, Afrizal
%A Tran, Thong Anh
%D 2018
%T Government Intervention and Farmers’ Adaptation to Saline Intrusion: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta
%B 2018
%9 Climate change; Vietnamese Mekong Delta; Saline intrusion; Governmental intervention; Collective adaptation; Adaptive capacity
%! Government Intervention and Farmers’ Adaptation to Saline Intrusion: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta
%K Climate change; Vietnamese Mekong Delta; Saline intrusion; Governmental intervention; Collective adaptation; Adaptive capacity
%X 

The Vietnamese Mekong Delta is located in the southern part of the country where the Mekong River runs through before it empties into the East Sea. Saline intrusion is a recurrent problem causing serious risks for agriculture and coastal livelihoods of the majority of people in the Delta. Collective adaptation plays an important role in improving the capacity of rural community to deal with environmental complexities. This research aims to examine how the collective adaptation supports the farmer and institutional adaptation to the conditions of saltwater intrusion in Tra Vinh and Kien Giang provinces. Statistical analysis was used to examine the trend of saltwater intrusion and the change in livelihoods of farmers in the Delta. The result shows the remarkable increase in salinity over the past twenty years. Various forms of adaptation were demonstrated by farmers’ and governments’ efforts in implementing adaptation practices to address salinity. Farmers have changed from rice to shrimp culture either through an intensive or extensive system where it is favorable to local environmental conditions. Meanwhile, local governments have attempted to establish various mechanisms to support collective actions (e.g., cooperative policies). The study highlights the critical role of formal and informal institutions that assist local adaptation processes. Adaptation practices were most pronounced in areas profoundly exposed to salinity impacts. The study suggests that further attention should be given to the establishment of institutional structures and rural social networks and how they are instrumental to collective adaptation.

%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=7090 %R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.8.5.7090 %J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology %V 8 %N 5 %@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Van Huynh Thanh Pham,Rudi Febriamansyah,Afrizal Afrizal and Thong Anh Tran,"Government Intervention and Farmers’ Adaptation to Saline Intrusion: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 2142-2148, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.8.5.7090.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Pham, Van Huynh Thanh
AU  - Febriamansyah, Rudi
AU  - Afrizal, Afrizal
AU  - Tran, Thong Anh
PY  - 2018
TI  - Government Intervention and Farmers’ Adaptation to Saline Intrusion: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 8 (2018) No. 5
Y2  - 2018
SP  - 2142
EP  - 2148
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Climate change; Vietnamese Mekong Delta; Saline intrusion; Governmental intervention; Collective adaptation; Adaptive capacity
N2  - 

The Vietnamese Mekong Delta is located in the southern part of the country where the Mekong River runs through before it empties into the East Sea. Saline intrusion is a recurrent problem causing serious risks for agriculture and coastal livelihoods of the majority of people in the Delta. Collective adaptation plays an important role in improving the capacity of rural community to deal with environmental complexities. This research aims to examine how the collective adaptation supports the farmer and institutional adaptation to the conditions of saltwater intrusion in Tra Vinh and Kien Giang provinces. Statistical analysis was used to examine the trend of saltwater intrusion and the change in livelihoods of farmers in the Delta. The result shows the remarkable increase in salinity over the past twenty years. Various forms of adaptation were demonstrated by farmers’ and governments’ efforts in implementing adaptation practices to address salinity. Farmers have changed from rice to shrimp culture either through an intensive or extensive system where it is favorable to local environmental conditions. Meanwhile, local governments have attempted to establish various mechanisms to support collective actions (e.g., cooperative policies). The study highlights the critical role of formal and informal institutions that assist local adaptation processes. Adaptation practices were most pronounced in areas profoundly exposed to salinity impacts. The study suggests that further attention should be given to the establishment of institutional structures and rural social networks and how they are instrumental to collective adaptation.

UR - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=7090 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.8.5.7090

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 7090
A1 Pham, Van Huynh Thanh
A1 Febriamansyah, Rudi
A1 Afrizal, Afrizal
A1 Tran, Thong Anh
T1 Government Intervention and Farmers’ Adaptation to Saline Intrusion: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 8
IS 5
YR 2018
SP 2142
OP 2148
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Climate change; Vietnamese Mekong Delta; Saline intrusion; Governmental intervention; Collective adaptation; Adaptive capacity
AB 

The Vietnamese Mekong Delta is located in the southern part of the country where the Mekong River runs through before it empties into the East Sea. Saline intrusion is a recurrent problem causing serious risks for agriculture and coastal livelihoods of the majority of people in the Delta. Collective adaptation plays an important role in improving the capacity of rural community to deal with environmental complexities. This research aims to examine how the collective adaptation supports the farmer and institutional adaptation to the conditions of saltwater intrusion in Tra Vinh and Kien Giang provinces. Statistical analysis was used to examine the trend of saltwater intrusion and the change in livelihoods of farmers in the Delta. The result shows the remarkable increase in salinity over the past twenty years. Various forms of adaptation were demonstrated by farmers’ and governments’ efforts in implementing adaptation practices to address salinity. Farmers have changed from rice to shrimp culture either through an intensive or extensive system where it is favorable to local environmental conditions. Meanwhile, local governments have attempted to establish various mechanisms to support collective actions (e.g., cooperative policies). The study highlights the critical role of formal and informal institutions that assist local adaptation processes. Adaptation practices were most pronounced in areas profoundly exposed to salinity impacts. The study suggests that further attention should be given to the establishment of institutional structures and rural social networks and how they are instrumental to collective adaptation.

LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=7090 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.8.5.7090