International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 10 (2020) No. 4, pages: 1750-1759, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.10.4.11640

## Efficient Fractional Order Reference Model of Adaptive Controller Design for Multi-input Multi-output Thermal System

Jutarut Chaoraingern, Vittaya Tipsuwanporn, Arjin Numsomran

### Abstract

The diverse control techniques have been combined with fractional calculus to enhance the control system performance. This paper presents an efficient fractional-order model reference adaptive controller (FOMRAC) design, which aims to demonstrate the solution for temperature reference tracking and cross-coupling rejection in the multi-input multi-output thermal system as well as cognizing of power consumption saving constraints. The mathematical modeling, nonlinear dynamic characteristic details, and system identification of the thermal system are described while the fractional-order controller combined with a model reference adaptive control (FOMRAC) based on MIT rule is developed so that to create the nonlinear adaptive mechanism which enables the excellent performance to control the multi-input multi-output thermal system. Likewise, a decoupling compensator is constructed to remunerate the effect of the cross-coupling interaction. The validation of the proposed control scheme is performed through the Matlab simulation and the experiment on the multi-input multi-output thermal system. The results illustrated the FOMRAC technique in which the controller's adjustable parameters can provide efficiency stability and performance to minimize the settling time and percent overshoot of the control system response. Besides, the analysis of the power consumption in the control system is addressed to reinforce the useful ability of the proposed method compared with the integral-order model reference adaptive controller (IOMRAC) and the traditional PID controller. The results revealed that the proposed FOMRAC technique exhibited much better than other methods because of the effective optimization of adaptive gain mechanism and fractional-order operators.

### Keywords:

fractional order controller; model reference adaptive; multi-input multi-output; thermal control system.

Viewed: 1222 times (since abstract online)