International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 6 (2016) No. 5, pages: 607-612, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.6.5.926

Temperature Distribution of Three-Dimensional Photovoltaic Panel by Using Finite Element Simulation

Leow Wai Zhe, Y.M. Irwan, M. Irwanto, M Isa, A.R. Amelia, I. Safwati

Abstract

The low electricity performance of a photovoltaic (PV) panel has been concerned in the PV application system. The effect of environmental and operating condition was affected the performance of the PV panel. In this research work, the main objective is to perform a three-dimensional geometry model of monocrystalline silicon PV panel with and without cooling system by using finite element method. In the case of a cooling system, the effect of the Direct Current (DC) fan flow rate on the temperature distribution of PV panel was investigated. The electrical behaviour of this PV panel is obtained based on the average temperature of the PV panel obtained and average solar irradiance from site location. According to the experimental results, PV panel with cooling system can be significant to provide better performance than the PV panel without cooling system in the same environmental condition. For the effect of flow rate of DC fan in the PV panel with cooling system, the performance of this PV panel has been improved as increasing in flow rate of DC fan.

Keywords:

PV panel; finite element method; cooling system; temperature distribution; output power

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