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Comparison of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) as Filler for Sago/Citric Based Bioplastic by Response Surface Methodology

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@article{IJASEIT11009,
   author = {Syelvia P Utami and Esty O Sari and Vivi Novriyani and Dewi M Sari and Nor Aishah S Amin and - Bahruddin},
   title = {Comparison of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) as Filler for Sago/Citric Based Bioplastic by Response Surface Methodology},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {11},
   number = {4},
   year = {2021},
   pages = {1507--1513},
   keywords = {Bioplastic; citric acid; filler; plasticizer; sago; tensile strength.},
   abstract = {Bioplastic material has emerged as one solution to the environmental problem caused by commercial plastic. Several raw materials have been used for bioplastic production, such as cassava, potato, and sago starch.  This research focused on studying the effect of fillers and plasticizers variation to tensile strength and its morphology by using sago starch/citric acid-based bioplastic. The comparison of sorbitol and glycerol role as the plasticizer and microcrystalline cellulose and carboxymethyl cellulose as fillers were observed. This study was conducted by mixed and heated sago starch and fillers together. Then, citric acid and plasticizers were employed in the mixture solution. Next, the mixture was heated for 24 h then molded. The concentration of fillers, plasticizers, and citric acid were used as an independent variable which the interaction among them were investigated using response surface methodology (RSM) based on Central Composite Design (CCD). ASTM D822 evaluated tensile strength, and the morphological analysis was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the highest tensile strengths were 8.23 MPa for the glycerol and CMC process and 15.84 MPa for the sorbitol and MCC process. It was found that sorbitol and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) increased the value of tensile strength twofold more than other fillers and plasticizers. As for the response surface method, the results describe the significant interaction between plasticizer and filler. It showed the tendency of increasing the concentration of fillers and citric acid decreased the tensile strength.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11009},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.11009}
}

EndNote

%A Utami, Syelvia P
%A Sari, Esty O
%A Novriyani, Vivi
%A Sari, Dewi M
%A Amin, Nor Aishah S
%A Bahruddin, -
%D 2021
%T Comparison of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) as Filler for Sago/Citric Based Bioplastic by Response Surface Methodology
%B 2021
%9 Bioplastic; citric acid; filler; plasticizer; sago; tensile strength.
%! Comparison of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) as Filler for Sago/Citric Based Bioplastic by Response Surface Methodology
%K Bioplastic; citric acid; filler; plasticizer; sago; tensile strength.
%X Bioplastic material has emerged as one solution to the environmental problem caused by commercial plastic. Several raw materials have been used for bioplastic production, such as cassava, potato, and sago starch.  This research focused on studying the effect of fillers and plasticizers variation to tensile strength and its morphology by using sago starch/citric acid-based bioplastic. The comparison of sorbitol and glycerol role as the plasticizer and microcrystalline cellulose and carboxymethyl cellulose as fillers were observed. This study was conducted by mixed and heated sago starch and fillers together. Then, citric acid and plasticizers were employed in the mixture solution. Next, the mixture was heated for 24 h then molded. The concentration of fillers, plasticizers, and citric acid were used as an independent variable which the interaction among them were investigated using response surface methodology (RSM) based on Central Composite Design (CCD). ASTM D822 evaluated tensile strength, and the morphological analysis was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the highest tensile strengths were 8.23 MPa for the glycerol and CMC process and 15.84 MPa for the sorbitol and MCC process. It was found that sorbitol and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) increased the value of tensile strength twofold more than other fillers and plasticizers. As for the response surface method, the results describe the significant interaction between plasticizer and filler. It showed the tendency of increasing the concentration of fillers and citric acid decreased the tensile strength.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11009
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.11009
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 11
%N 4
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Syelvia P Utami,Esty O Sari,Vivi Novriyani,Dewi M Sari,Nor Aishah S Amin and - Bahruddin,"Comparison of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) as Filler for Sago/Citric Based Bioplastic by Response Surface Methodology," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1507-1513, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.11009.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Utami, Syelvia P
AU  - Sari, Esty O
AU  - Novriyani, Vivi
AU  - Sari, Dewi M
AU  - Amin, Nor Aishah S
AU  - Bahruddin, -
PY  - 2021
TI  - Comparison of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) as Filler for Sago/Citric Based Bioplastic by Response Surface Methodology
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 11 (2021) No. 4
Y2  - 2021
SP  - 1507
EP  - 1513
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Bioplastic; citric acid; filler; plasticizer; sago; tensile strength.
N2  - Bioplastic material has emerged as one solution to the environmental problem caused by commercial plastic. Several raw materials have been used for bioplastic production, such as cassava, potato, and sago starch.  This research focused on studying the effect of fillers and plasticizers variation to tensile strength and its morphology by using sago starch/citric acid-based bioplastic. The comparison of sorbitol and glycerol role as the plasticizer and microcrystalline cellulose and carboxymethyl cellulose as fillers were observed. This study was conducted by mixed and heated sago starch and fillers together. Then, citric acid and plasticizers were employed in the mixture solution. Next, the mixture was heated for 24 h then molded. The concentration of fillers, plasticizers, and citric acid were used as an independent variable which the interaction among them were investigated using response surface methodology (RSM) based on Central Composite Design (CCD). ASTM D822 evaluated tensile strength, and the morphological analysis was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the highest tensile strengths were 8.23 MPa for the glycerol and CMC process and 15.84 MPa for the sorbitol and MCC process. It was found that sorbitol and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) increased the value of tensile strength twofold more than other fillers and plasticizers. As for the response surface method, the results describe the significant interaction between plasticizer and filler. It showed the tendency of increasing the concentration of fillers and citric acid decreased the tensile strength.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11009
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.11009

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 11009
A1 Utami, Syelvia P
A1 Sari, Esty O
A1 Novriyani, Vivi
A1 Sari, Dewi M
A1 Amin, Nor Aishah S
A1 Bahruddin, -
T1 Comparison of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) as Filler for Sago/Citric Based Bioplastic by Response Surface Methodology
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 11
IS 4
YR 2021
SP 1507
OP 1513
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Bioplastic; citric acid; filler; plasticizer; sago; tensile strength.
AB Bioplastic material has emerged as one solution to the environmental problem caused by commercial plastic. Several raw materials have been used for bioplastic production, such as cassava, potato, and sago starch.  This research focused on studying the effect of fillers and plasticizers variation to tensile strength and its morphology by using sago starch/citric acid-based bioplastic. The comparison of sorbitol and glycerol role as the plasticizer and microcrystalline cellulose and carboxymethyl cellulose as fillers were observed. This study was conducted by mixed and heated sago starch and fillers together. Then, citric acid and plasticizers were employed in the mixture solution. Next, the mixture was heated for 24 h then molded. The concentration of fillers, plasticizers, and citric acid were used as an independent variable which the interaction among them were investigated using response surface methodology (RSM) based on Central Composite Design (CCD). ASTM D822 evaluated tensile strength, and the morphological analysis was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the highest tensile strengths were 8.23 MPa for the glycerol and CMC process and 15.84 MPa for the sorbitol and MCC process. It was found that sorbitol and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) increased the value of tensile strength twofold more than other fillers and plasticizers. As for the response surface method, the results describe the significant interaction between plasticizer and filler. It showed the tendency of increasing the concentration of fillers and citric acid decreased the tensile strength.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11009
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.11009