International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 8 (2018) No. 4, pages: 1198-1208, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.8.4.2787

The Combination between the Individual Factors and the Collective Experience for Ultimate Optimization Learning Path using Ant Colony Algorithm

Imane Kamsa, Rachid Elouahbi, Fatima El khoukhi


The approach that we propose in this paper is part of the optimization of the learning path in the e-learning environment. It relates more precisely to the adaptation and the guidance of the learners according to, on one hand, their needs and cognitive abilities and, on the other hand, the collective experience of co-learners. This work is done by an optimizer agent that has the specificity to provide to each learner the best path from the beginning of the learning process to its completion. The optimization in this approach is determined automatically and dynamically, by seeking the path that is more marked by success. This determination is concluding according to the vision of the pedagogical team and the collective experience of the learners. At the same time, we search of the path that is more adapted to the specificities of the learner in terms of preferences, level of knowledge and learner history. This operation is accomplished by exploiting their profile for perfect customization and the adaptation of ant colony algorithm for guidance tends towards maximizing the acquisition of the learner. The design of our work is unitary; it is based on the integration of individual collective factors of the learner. And the results are very conclusive. They show that the proposed approach is able to efficiently select the optimal path and that it participates fully in the satisfaction and success of the learner.


e-learning; adaptation; guidance; customization; ant colony algorithm.

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