International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 10 (2020) No. 6, pages: 2458-2464, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.12993

Integrated Battery Energy Storage into an Optimal Low Voltage Distribution System with PV Production for an Urban Village

Vannak Vai, Long Bun, Hideaki Ohgaki


The feed-in tariff for rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems has not yet been adopted in Cambodia, the utility thus does not purchase excess power by reverse power flows from PV production, and only unidirectional energy meters are used even in the capital. The power distribution systems are expanded in recent years due to load demand increase, and this issue makes the distribution system designers perform the planning. The design of a low voltage distribution system and suitable solutions are proposed to handle these issues. This paper purposes of designing an optimal low voltage distribution topology with the integration of PV and three different proposed solutions of reverse power relay (RPR), solar hybrid inverter (SHI) and battery energy storage (BES) in an urban village, which consists of improving a balanced load and existing PV production usage. Firstly, the repeated phase ABC is applied to minimize the power loss and unbalanced load in the three-phase distribution system. Next, the integration of RPR, SHI, and BES into household grid-connected PV production systems have been proposed as solutions. To confirm a proposed method, the urban village in Phnom Penh, Borey Mungkul Phnom Penh, Sangkat Veal Spov, is chosen and modelled for a case study. Simulation results allow concluding that the integrated battery energy storage into the optimal low voltage distribution topology provides the best solution to design the grid connection PV system.


energy storage; load balancing; repeated phase abc; reverse power relay, solar hybrid inverter.

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