International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 3 (2013) No. 2, pages: 151-158, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.3.2.302

Plywood Industry by Using Eco-efficiency Approach and LIA- Wood Balance Sheet Program

Yulia Nurendah, E. Gumbira Said, A. Miftah Fauzi, Zahrial Coto, M. Romli, Hartrisari Hartrisari

Abstract

The general purposes of this study were to improve the efficiency of wood utilization and to create wood’s value added for plywood industry. To achieve the above purposes a strategy for Agro forestry Industry should be develop based on eco-efficiencyprinciples. The details of targets were: (1). to analyze critical factors in plywood industry management regarding to eco-efficiency implementation, (2) to analyze production technology that is used in plywood industry, and (3). to design a developing strategy of integrated plywood industry based on eco-efficiency principles. The result of this study show that the key factors for plywood management’s policy was environmental awareness; material utilization; and international issues. The production technology of all plywood industry in Indonesia is relatively similar. They are using the machineries of the 80’s and have the similar working procedures. The kinds of wood wastes generated from plywood industry were classified into log end, reject log end, green veneer waste, and others. The wood waste was calculated 49.52% released from 100% input log in plywood industry. There are three strategy of integrated plywood industry based on eco-efficiency, namely (1) selecting and managing of environmental impact, showing three kinds of waste which affect the environment (2) Improvement the plywood manufacturing technology, showing the newinnovation technology or process control management and (3) Development of new product from wood waste. Wood waste can be used to produce block board, laminated board, handicraft, and others.

Keywords:

Value Added; Eco-Efficiency; Wood Waste; Strategy; Plywood Industry.

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