International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 4 (2014) No. 1, pages: 7-13, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.4.1.353

In-situ Alkaline Transesterification of Jatropha curcas seed Oil for Production of Biodiesel and Nontoxic Jatropha seed Cake

Novizar Nazir, Djumali Mangunwidjaja, Dwi Setyaningsih, Sri Yuliani, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo, Jumat Salimon, Nazaruddin Ramli

Abstract

The production of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) by direct in situ alkaline-catalyzed transesterification of the triglycerides (TG) in Jatropha curcas seeds was examined. The experimental results showed that the amount of Jatropha curcas seed oil dissolved in methanol was approximately 83% of the total oil and the conversion of this oil could achieve 98% under the following conditions: less than 2% moisture content in Jatropha curcas seed flours, 0.3–0.335 mm particle size, 0.08 mol/L NaOH concentration in methanol, 171:1 methanol/oil mole ratio, 45.66 oC reaction temperature and 3.02 h reaction time. The use of alkaline methanol as extraction and reaction solvent, which would be useful for extraction oil and phorbol esters, would reduce the phorbol esters content in the Jatropha curcas seed cake. The cake after in-situ transesterification is rich in protein and is a potential source of livestock feed. Further, the the toxicity studies were also investigated on male rate by feeding the seed cake after after in-situ transesterification as well as the from solvent and mechanical extraction. Food intake, growth rate, protein efficiency ratio (PER) and transformation index (TI) showed that the meal is potential as protein supplement to livestock feed.

Keywords:

Biodiesel; Fatty acid methyl ester; in situ alkaline transesterification; jatropha seed oil; nontoxic jatropha seed cake; toxicity studies

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